Lecture on Economics: “Dinámica de Transición y Distribución de la Innovación en los Países de América Latina: 2006-2017”

As part of the celebration activities for the LIII anniversary of the Faculty of Economy of Universidad Autónoma de Coahuila, Dr. Luis Gutiérrez Flores presented the lecture: “Transition and Distribution Dynamics of Innovation in Latin American Countries: 2006-2017.

The UAdeC Vice President of the Office of Strategic Planning, Dr. Luis Gutiérrez Flores, held the event through the Zoom platform. He shared his most recent research article where he talks about how in an international environment characterized by facing repeated economic crises, the role of innovation became transcendental as a potential factor for regional development.

He noted that the Latin American region was the subject of research, where besides having a weak structure of innovation for technological progress; it is also a point of reference due to its marked heterogeneity in this matter, which characterizes it as the most unequal region in the world.

Gutiérrez said that for this research he made a comparison between the countries, according to the interval to which they belonged in the initial year and with which they moved in the final year, thus allowing the development of the transition matrix based on the number of countries that kept the same and of those who changed position.

He commented that a persistent heterogeneity in innovation efforts was discovered in Latin America, a situation that worsens if we consider that in the coming years the trend points to a pattern similar to the current technological situation.

The results showed that the development of innovation in Latin America is not homogeneous among economies, since according to Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo, the smallest and poorest countries in the region often do not have an institutional fund for science and technology, with the exception of having a few universities and their medium or small companies.

For this reason, it is important to establish productive and well-coordinated relationships between companies, research centers, universities and governments, to focus their policies on science, technology and innovation in those sectors with competitive advantages, without limiting innovation policies. He stated the results of this implementation would be more beneficial if they manage to engage with the more developed economic sectors in the region.